Academic Integrity

How you can ensure your work is authenticated

It is your responsibility to provide the reader with the precise sources of quotations, ideas and points of view in your essay. You achieve this through accurate citations, which may include in-text or footnotes throughout your essay, and a full list of references at the end of your paper. The type of citation method you use will vary depending on your subject matter and/or the instructions of your school.

Keeping track of your sources and properly referencing them as you go through the research and draft-writing process is critical!

Mistakes here could lead to failure of the IB diploma.

Image: Ward, Russ. Unsplash, 2018.

As a general rule of thumb, the four main citation styles used in academic publications are:

  • Chicago Manual

  • MLA

  • APA

  • Harvard Reference

There are plenty of websites that you can find online to clarify how to cite your sources.

Just be aware that a given website might take liberties with some of the details of the guidelines, so when in doubt, trust only the official published manual for each style.